Mental disorders and bacterial Infections

Can a bacterial infection cause mental disorders? Some claim so. In some cases, pathogens themselves might be the culprits, says Köhler-Forsberg. "Some infections start as a peripheral infection in the body and can cross the blood-brain barrier and come into the brain, and thereby cause damage and increase the risk of mental disorders," he says.Dec 5, 2018. A bacterial infection is a production of a dangerous strain of bacteria that forms outside or inside the human body. Any part of the human body can be infected by bacteria. The harmful bacteria may cause meningitis, food poisoning, and pneumonia. Bacteria come in 3-basic shapes that include helical (spirilla), spherical (cocci), and rod-shaped (bacilli). These germs are also categorized as gram-negative or gram-positive, the thick cell wall bacteria is called gram-positive, and no wall bacteria is called gram-negative. To identify bacterial strains, you need to get a bacterial culture test to know the antibiotic sensitivity, and other tests such as genetic analysis can help determine the right treatment. Bacterial Skin Infections: Bacterial skin infections are usually caused by gram-positive strains of Staphylococcus and Streptococcus or other organisms. Common bacterial skin infections include: Gram-positive bacteria strains Streptococcus and Staphylococcus cause bacterial skin infections, it can occur due to other microorganisms as well. Here are the most common bacterial skin infections: - Cellulitis bacteria causes skin red and pain, and the infected part of the skin feels warm when you touch it. This bacteria usually occurs on the legs mostly, but it can also appear in any part of the body. - Folliculitis bacterial infection of the hair follicles, which causes swollen, red bumps that appear like pimples. This may occur through water, especially when you go swimming in pools that are not treated properly or uncleansed hot tubs, they can port folliculitis bacteria and spread to humans easily. - Boils are considered deep skin infections that occur in hair follicles. Boils are red, firm, tender thumps that develop big and collect pus beneath the skin. - Impetigo bacterial infection causes discharging sores, this infection might occur more in small children. The swollen impetigo causes huge blisters, and the not swollen forms are yellow and thick blisters. Bacterial skin infections can be treated with topical or oral antibiotics, but the treatment also depends on the bacterial strain that causes the infection.

How should Cephalexin be used?

Tvomiting, nausea, fever, diarrhea, abdominal pain, and chills. Unpasteurized dairy products, fish, raw meat, poultry, and eggs may harbor dangerous bacteria that can cause infection. Also, unhygienic food handling and preparation can support bacterial growth. The microorganism that causes food poisoning include: - C. jejuni (Campylobacter jejuni) is a bacterial illness that causes diarrhea and causes fever, and cramps. - C. botulinum (Clostridium botulinum) is a hypothetically life-threatening bacteria that generates strong neurotoxins. - E. coli (Escherichia coli) is a bloody diarrheal infection that may come along with vomiting, nausea, abdominal cramps, and fever. - Salmonella bacterial infection causes diarrhea, fever, and abdominal cramps. The bacteria-infected people will have symptoms from 4 to 7 days. - L. Monocytogenes (Listeria monocytogenes) infection causes muscle aches, fever, and diarrhea. Also, it occurs to individuals with a weak immunity system including elderly people, infants, and pregnant women are also at risk. - Vibrio bacterial infection causes diarrhea, and it can also cause painful skin infections when the individual touches the open wound.

Sexually Transmitted Bacterial Infections:

Sexually transmitted diseases, many of them occur by harmful bacteria. At times, these bacterial infections are not connected with any symptoms but they can still cause severe destruction to the reproductive system. The most common sexually transmitted bacterial infections include: - Gonorrhea, is also called “the drip” and “clap,” this infection is caused by Neisseria gonorrhoeae. Both men and women can be infected with this bacteria. Gonorrhea also surges the risk of PID (pelvic inflammatory disease) in women. - Chlamydia is a bacterial infection that occurs in men and women and it is caused by an organism known as chlamydia trachomatis. It increases the PID risk in women. These are some of the harmful infections caused by harmful bacteria.

Cephalexin is an antibiotic that helps your body fight against bacteria. This antibiotic is prescribed by doctors to treat bacterial infections including, ear infections, upper respiratory, bone, and urinary tract infections. Cephalexin is also used to treat infections in small children from one year old onwards and adults as well. Why is Cephalexin medication prescribed? This antibiotic medication known as Cephalexin is prescribed by doctors to treat particular bacterial infections like respiratory tract infections, pneumonia, etc. Cephalexin is a type of medication known as cephalosporin antibiotics. This particular medication helps your body kill bacteria. Cephalexin antibiotics are also used to treat flu, cold, or other viral infections. However, using antibiotics without being prescribed by a doctor or not being needed can cause your body to resist antibiotics later when you require the treatment.

How should Cephalexin be used?

This medicine is available in liquid form, tablet, and capsule, and it is to be consumed by mouth. You can take the antibiotics before or after eating food, and you need to take them every six to 12 hours for seven to fourteen days or as prescribed by a doctor. The treatment depends on the severity of the infection. Remember, you must take Cephalexin every day at the same time, and make sure to follow the directions precisely shown on the prescription label. Consult your physician or pharmacist immediately if you do not understand any part. Also, make sure to consult your doctor if you need to continue it, but never consume it less or more than what the doctor prescribed. If you are taking cephalexin in liquid form, then make to shake the bottle well before taking the medicine. Once you start the cephalexin dose, then within the first few days of treatment you should start feeling better. However, if your symptoms get worse or do not improve, then consult your doctor immediately. You must take this antibiotic as prescribed by the doctor, continue the medication till you finish the prescription though you feel better within a few days of treatment. If you skip medication or stop taking cephalexin, then there are more chances of getting back the infection and it can cause more health issues. Discontinuing the antibiotics before the date also complicates the treatment and your body may resist fighting against bacteria and becomes resilient to antibiotics.

Other Treatments with Cephalexin:

Cephalexin medication is also used to treat an allergy caused by penicillin, and it is also used for people suffering from heart conditions, upper respiratory tract, including throat, mouth, nose, voice box, or dental procedure, and it helps people prevent from getting a heart valve infection. It is also used to treat other infections, but it is always advisable to consult your pharmacist or physician for more and accurate information. What precautions you should follow before taking cephalexin? - Tell your pharmacist or doctor if you are allergic to cephalexin, cephalosporin, or any other antibiotics like cefadroxil, cefaclor, cefdinir, penicillin, etc. Or if you are allergic to any other medications - It is also important to inform your doctor if you are allergic to any of the ingredients in cephalexin tablets, capsules, or suspension. - Inform your doctor about your other medications, including non-prescribed and prescribed medicines, like vitamins, herbal products, nutritional supplements, etc. Also, tell your doctor if you are taking blood thinners, metformin, etc. - Tell your doctor if you are planning to become pregnant, if you are pregnant, or breast-feeding, - Call your doctor if you become pregnant while you are taking cephalexin medication or other antibiotics.


Consult your doctor immediately if you are suffering from any bacterial infection. Taking cephalexin without consulting the doctor or the prescription can cause other severe health issues. That is why it is always advisable to consult your pharmacist or doctor before taking any antibiotics. Also, it is very important to understand that you shouldn’t give cephalexin to anybody even if they have similar symptoms that you had.

Cephalexin should be taken only when prescribed by your doctor. Before taking the pill, follow the prescription label and check the medication guideline or instruction sheets thoroughly. Do not use cephalexin antibiotics to treat any other health condition without consulting your doctor. If you are taking cephalexin in liquid form, then make sure to measure the medicine carefully. It is advisable to use a medicine dose-measuring device or dosing syringe to measure the medicine, but do not use a spoon. Also, it is advisable to complete the prescribed length of time when taking cephalexin, even if the infection reduces. There is a risk of aggravating the infection if you skip the doses of medication, and also your body will become resistant to the medicine. This antibiotic drug will not treat any kind of viral infection like the common cold or flu. It is very important to know that you cannot give cephalexin to any other person, even if they contain similar symptoms that you had. When you are on a cephalexin antibiotic, it can disturb the results of particular medical tests. Make sure to inform your regular doctor when you are taking this antibiotic. Make sure to store the pills at room temperature and keep them away from heat, light, and moisture. Put the liquid cephalexin in the refrigerator, and dispose of the unused liquid medicine after fourteen days. Comprehensive Cephalexin dosage info: What happens if you miss a dose or overdose? If you miss a dose, then skip the missed dose if the next dose time is not long, if it is the case, then take the antibiotic immediately. But, never take two doses at a time. In case of overdose, get medical help immediately. The symptoms of an overdose may include stomach pain, vomiting, nausea, blood in urine, and diarrhea,

What to avoid:

Many people may suffer from diarrhea due to antibiotic medicines, and it is also considered as a sign of a new infection. If you are suffering from bloody or watery diarrhea, then consult your doctor before taking any kind of anti-diarrhea medication. What other medications will affect cephalexin? Inform your doctor about all the other drugs that you take for your other health issues, especially if you are taking medicines including probenecid or metformin. Cephalexin may interact with other drugs, including over-the-counter and prescription drugs, herbal products, vitamins, etc. Precautions: Before taking a cephalexin antibiotic, inform your pharmacist or doctor if you are allergic to penicillin or any other group of cephalosporins antibiotics. Also, tell your physician if you have any other allergies as the ingredients in cephalexin may cause some allergic reaction or other health issues. Get more information from your doctor about the medication. Also, it is advisable to tell your pharmacist or physician your medical history, especially if you have intestinal/stomach diseases like colitis or kidney disease. The liquid form of cephalexin contains sugar, so if you are a diabetic patient, then consult your doctor about this drug and confirmation on using this drug safely. You should know that live bacterial vaccines like the typhoid vaccine may not work well if you take cephalexin for treating bacterial infections. That is why it is advisable not to take any vaccinations or immunization while taking this drug unless your physician suggests. Cephalexin may obstruct specific lab tests including glucose tests, certain urine tests, and coombs’ tests. If you are on cephalexin medication, then avoid these tests otherwise you probably get false test results. Before getting a lab test, tell your doctor about using this drug. Storage: Different brands of this drug may follow different storage regulations, but in general, store tablets and capsules at room temperature and keep them away from moisture and light. Do not freeze the liquid form of cephalexin, store it in the refrigerator between 36degrees to 46 degrees.